Genus: Simiispumavirus

Genus: Simiispumavirus

Distinguishing features

Viruses classified in the genus Simiispumavirus circulate in a wide range of simian hosts including old world monkeys and apes, and new world monkeys (Rethwilm and Lindemann 2013). Virus phylogeny closely mirrors host phylogeny, reflective of long-term stable virus-host relationships.

Virion

See discussion in subfamily description.

Physicochemical and physical properties

See discussion under family description.

Nucleic acid

See discussion under family description.

Genome organization and replication

See discussion in subfamily description.

Biology

See discussion in subfamily description.

Species demarcation criteria

Species demarcation criteria include virus-host co-phylogeny and differences in natural host range, as well as differences in genome and gene product sequences.

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Bornean orangutan simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Pongo pygmaeus pygmaeusbellaAJ544579NC_039085Complete genomeSFVppy
Central chimpanzee simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Pan troglodytes troglodyteshuman isolate BAD327JQ867463NC_039024Complete genomeSFVptr_huBAD327
Cynomolgus macaque simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Macaca fascicularisCy5061LC094267Complete genomeSFVmfa_Cy5061
Eastern chimpanzee simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Pan troglodytes schweinfurthiihuman HSRV; clone 13KX087159NC_039025Complete genomeSFVpsc
Grivet simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Chlorocebus aethiopsLK3M74895NC_010820Complete genomeSFVcae
Guenon simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Cercopithecus nictitanshuman AG16JQ867466NC_043445Complete genomeSFVcni
Japanese macaque simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Macaca fuscataWK1; clone pJM356AB923518NC_039026Complete genomeSFVmfu
Rhesus macaque simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Macaca mulattaK3TMF280817NC_039238Complete genomeSFVmmu
Spider monkey simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Ateles sp.Hooks40EU010385NC_039027Complete genomeSFVa
Squirrel monkey simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Saimiri sciureus1224GU356394NC_039028Complete genomeSFVssc
Taiwanese macaque simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Macaca cyclopisFV21X54482NC_010819Complete genomeSFVmcy
Western chimpanzee simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Pan troglodytes verusSFVcpzU04327NC_001364Complete genomeSFVpve
Western lowland gorilla simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Gorilla gorilla gorillaGgHM245790NC_039029Complete genomeSFVggo
White-tufted-ear marmoset simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Callithrix jacchusFXVGU356395NC_039030Complete genomeSFVcja
Yellow-breasted capuchin simian foamy virussimian foamy virus Sapajus xanthosternosZ17KP143760NC_039031Complete genomeSFVocr

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.