Genus: Alphavirus


Genus: Alphavirus

Distinguishing features

Since only one genus is currently recognized, the genus description corresponds to the family description.

Virion

See discussion under family description.

Genome organization and replication

See discussion under family description.

Antigenicity 

See discussion under family description.

Biology

See discussion under family description.

Member species

SpeciesVirus name(s)Exemplar isolateExemplar accession numberExemplar RefSeq numberAvailable sequenceOther isolatesOther isolate accession numbersVirus abbreviationIsolate abbreviation
Aura virusAura virusAF126284NC_003900Complete coding genomeAURAV
Barmah Forest virusBarmah Forest virusBH2193U73745NC_001786Complete genomeBFV
Bebaru virusbebaru virusHM147985NC_016962Complete genomeBEBV
Cabassou virusCabassou virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus VCaAr 508AF075259NC_038670Complete genomeCABV; VEEV-V
Chikungunya viruschikungunya virusS27-AfricanAF369024NC_004162Complete genomeCHIKV
Chikungunya viruschikungunya virusBRAZZA MRS1KP003813CHIKV
Eastern equine encephalitis viruseastern equine encephalitis virus North AmericanNorth AmericanX63135NC_003899Complete genomeEEEV-NA
Eilat virusEilat virusEO329JX678730NC_018615Complete genomeEILV
Everglades virusEverglades virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IIFe3-7cAF075251NC_038671Complete genomeEVEV; VEEV-II
Fort Morgan virusFort Morgan virusCM4-146GQ281603NC_013528Complete genomeFMV
Fort Morgan virusBuggy Creek virusHM147986BUGCV
Getah virusgetah virusswineAY702913NC_006558Complete genomeGETV
Getah virusgetah virus; Sagiyama virusAB032553GETV; SAGV
Getah virusgetah virus; alphavirus M1M1EF011023GETV; ALPHAV-M1
Highlands J virusHighlands J virus585-01FJ827631NC_012561Complete genomeHJV
Madariaga virusMadariaga virus; eastern equine encephalitis virus South AmericanPE-3.0818DQ241303Complete genomeMADV; EEEV-SA
Madariaga virusMadariaga virus; eastern equine encephalitis virus South AmericanBRA/BEAN5122/1956KJ469640MADV; EEEV-SA
Madariaga virusMadariaga virus; eastern equine encephalitis virus South AmericanBeAr436087EF151503MADV; EEEV-SA
Mayaro virusMayaro virusAF237947NC_003417Complete genomeMAYV
Middelburg virusMiddelburg virusArB-8842KM115530NC_024887Complete genomeMIDV
Middelburg virusMiddelburg virus857EF536323MIDV
Mosso das Pedras virusMosso das Pedras virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IF78V-3531AF075257NC_038857Complete genomeMDPV; VEEV-IF
Mucambo virusMucambo virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IIIAMucambo BeAn 8AF075253NC_038672Complete genomeMUCV; VEEV-IIIA
Ndumu virusNdumu virusHM147989NC_016959Complete genomeNDUV
Onyong-nyong viruso'nyong-nyong virusSG650AF079456Complete genomeONNV
Onyong-nyong viruso'nyong-nyong virusGuluM20303ONNV
Onyong-nyong viruso'nyong-nyong virus; Igbo Ora virusIBH10964AF079457ONNV; IGORV
Pixuna virusPixuna virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IVBeAr 34645AF075256NC_038673Complete genomePIXV; VEEV-IV
Rio Negro virusRio Negro virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus VIAG80-663AF075258NC_038674Complete genomeRNV; VEEV-VI
Ross River virusRoss River virusQML 1GQ433354Complete genomeRRV
Ross River virusRoss River virusNB5092M20162RRV
Salmon pancreas disease virussalmon pancreas disease virus; sleeping disease virusAJ316246NC_003433Complete genomeSPDV; SDV
Semliki Forest virusSemliki Forest virusX04129NC_003215Complete genomeSFV
Semliki Forest virusSemliki Forest virusAMH002650JF972635SFV
Sindbis virusSindbis virusHRspJ02363NC_001547Complete genomeSINV
Sindbis virusSindbis virus; Ockelbo virusEdsbyn 82-5M69205SINV; OCKV
Sindbis virusSindbis virus; Babanki virusHM147984SINV; BABV
Sindbis virusSindbis virusXJ 160AF103728SINV
Sindbis virusSindbis virusSW6562AF429428SINV
Southern elephant seal virussouthern elephant seal virusHM147990NC_016960Complete genomeSESV
Tonate virusTonate virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IIIBCaAn 410dAF075254NC_038675Complete genomeTONV; VEEV-IIIB
Trocara virusTrocara virusHM147991Partial genomeTROV
Trocara virusTrocara virusBeAr422431AF252265TROV
Una virusUna virusHM147992Partial genomeUNAV
Una virusUna virusBeAr 13136U94603UNAV
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IABTrinidad donkeyL01442Complete genomeVEEV; VEEV-IAB
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus ICP676AF375051VEEV; VEEV-IC
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus ID3880L00930VEEV; VEEV-ID
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IE68U201U34999VEEV; VEEV-IE
Venezuelan equine encephalitis virusVenezuelan equine encephalitis virus; Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus IIIC71D-1252AF075255VEEV; VEEV-IIIC
Western equine encephalitis viruswestern equine encephalitis virus; western equine encephalitis virus South AmericanAG80-646GQ287646Complete genomeWEEV; WEEV-SA
Western equine encephalitis viruswestern equine encephalitis virus; western equine encephalitis virus North American71V-1658AF214040WEEV; WEEV-NA
Whataroa virusWhataroa virusHM147993NC_016961Complete genomeWHATV

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.