Genus: Cheravirus

Genus: Cheravirus

Distinguishing features

Members of the genus Cherivirus have bipartite genomes and encode three capsid proteins and are transmitted by nematodes and through seeds.


See discussion under family description.

Genome organisation and replication

Cheraviruses have three capsid proteins (CP) of similar sizes. In some cases, these proteins are not fully or reproducibly resolved from each other by electrophoresis. The genome of cheraviruses is bipartite and the genomic organization is similar to that of comoviruses, although RNA-2 is thought to encode a single polyprotein (Figure 3.Secoviridae). The RNA-2-encoded movement protein of apple latent spherical virus (ALSV) is 42 kDa, suggesting that translation initiation occurs at the second AUG, which is in a better context. Tubular structures containing virus-like particles are observed in infected cells and are likely involved in cell-to-cell movement of the virus. The movement protein and all three CPs are necessary for cell-to-cell movement of the virus (Yoshikawa et al., 2006). The MP binds to VP25, one of the three CPs (Isogai et al., 2006). VP20 of ALSV, another CP, is a suppressor of silencing that interferes with systemic movement of the silencing signal (Yaegashi et al., 2007).


The host range is broad or narrow, depending on the virus, and includes weed plants found in the vicinity of infected crops. Symptoms are usually mild or absent. Cherry rasp leaf virus is transmitted by nematodes (Xiphinema americanum) in the field (Nyland et al., 1969), and is readily seed-transmitted (Hansen et al., 1974). ALSV is also seed-transmitted through both embryo and pollen in apple (Nakamura et al., 2011). In potato, Arracacha virus B is transmitted through true seed and pollen (Jones 1982). Currant latent virus  has been detected in oligophagous viviparous females and in nymphs of red blister aphid Cryptomyzus ribis and circulates in the aphid (Petrzik et al., 2015).

Species demarcation criteria

See discussion under family description.

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Apple latent spherical virusapple latent spherical virusYoshikawaRNA-1: AB030940;
RNA-2: AB030941
RNA-1: NC_003787;
RNA-2: NC_003788
Complete genomeALSV
Arracacha virus BArracacha virus BPV-0082 PeruRNA-1: JQ437415;
RNA-2: JQ581051
RNA-1: NC_020898;
RNA-2: NC_020897
Complete genomeAVB
Cherry rasp leaf viruscherry rasp leaf viruspotato USARNA-1: AJ621357;
RNA-2: AJ621358
RNA-1: NC_006271;
RNA-2: NC_006272
Complete genomeCRLV
Currant latent viruscurrant latent virusHol9/6RNA-1: KT692952;
RNA-2: KT692953
RNA-1: NC_029038;
RNA-2: NC_029036
Complete genomeCuLV
Stocky prune virusstocky prune virusBrugeresRNA-1: DQ143874;
RNA-2: DQ143875
RNA-1: NC_043388;
RNA-2: NC_043387
Partial genomeStPV

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.