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The genus is distinguished on the basis of genetic characters.
No details are available on the morphology of virions.
Genome (Ng et al., 2015a): up to 7,834 nt (5′-UTR: up to 751 nt; ORF: 6,930–7,143 nt; 3′-UTR: 61–91 nt). The location of the cre has not been identified.
The deduced polyprotein ranges from 2,310 to 2,381 aa. The L protein has unknown function. The 2A protein has been proposed to be a chymotrypsin-like protease.
No virus has been isolated. Viral RNA was detected in faeces of Norway rats (Rattus norvegicus) and mice (Mus musculus) in USA and Germany, in intestinal contents of Himalayan marmots (Marmota himalayana), and in tissue samples of Gairdner's shrewmice (Mus pahari).
At least 6 genetic types are distinguished by means of phylogenetic analysis: Rabovirus A (2 types), Rabovirus B (1 type), Rabovirus C (1 type), Rabovirus D (2 types).
Rabovirus: from rat-borne
Members of a species of genus Rabovirus:
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