Genus: Nacovirus


Genus: Nacovirus

Distinguishing features

The strains in this genus form a distinct clade within the family Caliciviridae (Figure 4.Caliciviridae).

Virion

See discussion under family description.

Genome organization and replication

The genome of nacovirus is 7.6 kb and contains two ORFs (ORF1 and ORF2). ORF1 encodes a polyprotein with a calculated molecular weight of 250.6 kDa and a VP1 protein with a calculated molecular weight of 61.6 kDa. ORF2 encodes a polypeptide with a calculated molecular weight of 21.5 kDa.

Antigenicity 

See discussion under family description.

Biology

Nacoviruses are novel avian caliciviruses that were detected in intestinal contents of turkeys, chickens and geese from the United States, Germany, Netherlands and China (Wolf et al., 2012, Day et al., 2010, Liao et al., 2014). In turkeys, weight loss, enteritis and liver enlargements with foci of intrahepatic necrosis and inflammation was reported. 

Species demarcation criteria 

Not defined as there is only one species in the genus.

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Nacovirus Aturkey calicivirusL11043/DE/2011JQ347522NC_043516Complete genomeTCV

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.

Related, unclassified viruses

Virus name

Accession number

Virus abbreviation

goose calicivirus strain N

KJ473715

 

chicken calicivirus F10026n

JQ347523

 

Virus names and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.