Genus: Epsilonarterivirus

Genus: Epsilonarterivirus

Distinguishing features

The viruses simian hemorrhagic encephalitis virus (SHEV), Zambian malbrouck virus 1 (ZMbV- 1) and South African Free State vervet virus (FSVV) are known to infect Old World cercopithecine primates, causing haemorrhagic and encephalitic disease in captive macaques (SHEV) and subclinical infections in wild African primates of the genus Cercopithecus (ZMbV- 1, FSVV).

Virion

See discussion under family description

Genome organization and replication

See discussion under family description

Biology

See discussion under family description.

Derivation of names

Subgenus Sheartevirus: from simian hemorrhagic encephalitis virus and the genus name Epsilonarterivirus

Species Epsilonarterivirus hemcep: from the genus name and simian hemorrhagic encephalitis virus

Species Epsilonarterivirus safriver: from the genus name and South African Free State vervet virus

Species Epsilonarterivirus zamalb: from the genus name and Zambian malbrouck virus 1

Species demarcation criteria

See “Subfamily, genus and species demarcation criteria” section on the family for species demarcation criteria which are universal for all subfamilies.

Member species - subgenus Sheartevirus

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Epsilonarterivirus hemcepsimian hemorrhagic encephalitis virusSukhumiKM677927NC_038293Complete genomeSHEV
Epsilonarterivirus safriverFree State vervet virusVSAI1003KR862307NC_029992Complete genomeFSVV
Epsilonarterivirus zamalbZambian malbrouck virus 1AHFVagmMal_seqD_01KT166441NC_048209Complete coding genomeZMbV-1

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.