Genus: Passerivirus


Genus: Passerivirus

Distinguishing features

The genus is distinguished on the basis of genetic characters.

Virion

Morphology

No details are available on the morphology of the virions.

Nucleic acid

Genome (Woo et al., 2010, Pankovics et al., 2018): up to 9,130 nt (5′-UTR: c. 807 nt; ORF: 7,287-8,004 nt; 3′-UTR: 319-334 nt). The location of the cre has not been identified. 

Genome organization and replication

Genome layout:

VPg+5′-UTRIRES-[L/1AB-1C-1D/2AH-box/NC-2B-2C/3A-3B-3C-3D]-3′-UTR-poly(A)

The deduced polyprotein is of 2,428 aa (passerivirus A1) and 2,668 aa (passerivirus B1), respectively. There is a long L protein. 1AB protein (with myristoylation signal) remains uncleaved. 2A protein has a H-box/NC sequence motif.

Antigenicity

See discussion under family description.

Biology

Viral RNA was detected in faeces of thrushes (Turdus hortulorum, T. merula, T. pallidus) and diseased home-reared estrildid finches (Uraeginthus spec.).

Species demarcation criteria

Members of a species of genus Passerivirus:

  • share a common genome organization,
  • are less than 30% divergent in the polyprotein aa sequence,
  • are less than 30% divergent in the P1 aa sequence,
  • are less than 25% divergent in the 2C + 3CD aa sequence. 

Member species

SpeciesVirus name(s)Exemplar isolateExemplar accession numberExemplar RefSeq numberAvailable sequenceOther isolatesOther isolate accession numbersVirus abbreviationIsolate abbreviation
Passerivirus Apasserivirus Athrush/Hong Kong/00356/2007GU182406NC_014411Complete genomePasV-A
Passerivirus Bwaxbill passeriviruswaxbill/DB01/HUN/2014MF977321NC_036588Complete genomePasV-B

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.

Derivation of names

Passeri-: from the order Passeriformes (perching birds), from Latin passer, 'sparrow'