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The genus is distinguished on the basis of genetic characters.
No surface morphology is visible on the 28 nm particles by EM.
Genome (Reuter et al., 2012, Firth et al., 2014, Du et al., 2016): 7,496–7,588 nt (5′-UTR: 715–732 nt; ORF: 7,425 nt; 3′-UTR: 114–119 nt). 5′-UTR contains a type II IRES. The location of the cre has not been identified.
The deduced polyprotein is of 2,474 aa. There is a L protein with unknown function. 2A is a short foot-and-mouth disease virus-like polypeptide with NPG↓P motif.
See discussion under family description.
Viral RNA was detected in the faeces of cattle, sheep and rats. One virus (HuV-A3), from sheep, has been isolated in lamb kidney cell cultures in which it caused a CPE. Up to 9 genetic types may circulate.
There is only a single species in the genus.
Hunni-: from Hungary and Northern Ireland
ovine hungarovirus [OHUV/2009/HUN]
rodent hunnivirus [rodent/Rn/PicoV/SX2015-2]
Norway rat hunnivirus [NrHuV/NYC-E21]
Phylogenetic analyses suggest that hunniviruses from rats may form a second species containing three genetic types.
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