Genus: Gallivirus

Genus: Gallivirus

Distinguishing features

The genus is distinguished on the basis of genetic characters.



No details are available on the morphology of the virions.

Nucleic acid

Genome (Lau et al., 2014, Boros et al., 2012a): c. 8,500 nt (5′-UTR: 761 nt; ORF: 7,425 nt; 3′-UTR: 310 nt). 5′-UTR contains a type II IRES. The 3′-UTR is 310 nt. The location of the cre has not been identified.

Genome organization and replication

Genome layout:


The deduced polyprotein is of 2,474 aa. There is an L protein with unknown function. The 1AB protein remains uncleaved. 2A protein contains a H-box/NC motif. 


See discussion under family description.


Viral RNA was detected in the faeces of turkeys and chickens.

Species demarcation criteria

There is only a single species in the genus. 

Member species

SpeciesVirus name(s)Exemplar isolateExemplar accession numberExemplar RefSeq numberAvailable sequenceOther isolatesOther isolate accession numbersVirus abbreviationIsolate abbreviation
Gallivirus Agallivirus A1turkey/M176/2011/HUNJQ691613NC_018400Complete genomeGV-A1
Gallivirus Agallivirus A2518CKF979337GV-A2

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations

Derivation of names

Galli-: from the order Galliformes which contains turkeys and chickens; Latin gallina 'chicken'

Related, unclassified viruses

Virus name

Accession number

Virus abbreviation

chicken gallivirus 1 [518C]



Virus names and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.