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The genus is distinguished on the basis of genetic characters.
No details are available on the morphology of the virions.
Genome (Ng et al., 2015b, Shi et al., 2018): 7,204-7,400 nt (5′–UTR: 435-487 nt; ORF: 6,699-6,861 nt; 3′–UTR: 52-70 nt). The location of the cre has not been identified.
The deduced polyprotein ranges from 2,233 to 2,287 aa. The function of the L and 2A proteins is unclear. 1AB remains uncleaved. The 1D/2A and 2A/2B cleavage sites are unclear.
Viral RNA has been detected in faecal samples and tissue specimens of Forsten's tortoises (Indotestudo forstenii), Chinese stripe-necked turtles and geckos (Gekko similignum).
Rafi: refers phonetically to Raph(ael), a fictional comics character.
Members of a species of genus Rafivirus:
rhimavirus [cane toad/AU1/Australia/2017]
Phylogenetic analysis indicates that this virus may be a member of a novel Rafivirus species.
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