Genus: Orinovirus

Genus: Orinovirus

Distinguishing features

Species are placed in the genus based upon phylogeny and host range.



Not reported.

Nucleic acid

Non-segmented, negative-sense RNA.


Orinovirus genomes encode 5 proteins including a putative nucleocapsid protein, phosphoprotein, glycoprotein and RNA-directed RNA polymerase identified on the basis of sequence similarity and structural properties shared with mononegavirus homologues.

Genome organization and replication

Orinoco virus (ONCV) has a negative-sense RNA genome of 9.6 kb.


Orinoco virus genome sequence was isolated from green pugs (Pasiphila rectangulata Linnaeus, 1758).

Derivation of names

Orinovirus: from Orinoco virus and virus, the suffix for a genus.

Species demarcation criteria

Not applicable

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Orinoco orinovirusOrinoco virusUW1KX257488NC_043485Partial genomeONCV

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.

Related, unclassified viruses

Virus name

Accession number

Virus abbreviation

Formica fusca virus 1



Formica exsecta virus 4



Virus names and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.