Genus: Berhavirus

Genus: Berhavirus

Distinguishing features

Species are placed in the genus based upon phylogeny and host range.



Not reported.

Nucleic acid

Non-segmented, negative-sense RNA.


Berhavirus genomes encode up to 5 proteins including a putative nucleocapsid protein, glycoprotein and RNA-directed RNA polymerase identified on the basis of sequence similarity and structural properties shared with mononegavirus homologues, in addition to one or more hypothetical proteins of unknown function.

Genome organization and replication

Berhaviruses have negative-sense RNA genomes of 9.4–10.7 kb (Shi et al., 2016).


Berhavirus genome sequences were isolated from invertebrate marine animals including echinoderms and sipunculids (marine worms).

Derivation of names

Berhavirus: from Běihǎi rhabdo-like virus 3 and virus the suffix for a genus

Species demarcation criteria

Due to the small number of genus members, no firm species demarcation criteria have been established beyond phylogeny and the hosts the viruses infect.

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Beihai berhavirusBěihǎi rhabdo-like virus 4BHJP58499KX884406NC_032543Complete coding genomeBhRLV-4
Echinoderm berhavirusBěihǎi rhabdo-like virus 5BHJP63888KX884407NC_032544Complete coding genomeBhRLV-5
Sipunculid berhavirusBěihǎi rhabdo-like virus 3BHNXC39077KX884408NC_043486Partial genomeBhRLV-3

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.