Genus: Chipapillomavirus

Genus: Chipapillomavirus

Distinguishing features

Members of this genus are associated with skin plaques in carnivore hosts.


See discussion under family description

Genome organization and replication

See discussion under family description.


See discussion under family description.


See discussion under family description.

Species demarcation criteria

Putative novel papillomavirus genome with complete genome sequence data available and that is <70% related to papillomaviruses within the genus (Figure 1.Chipapillomavirus).

Figure 1.Chipapillomavirus. Phylogenetic tree of members of the genus Chipapillomavirus. The E1, E2, L2, and L1 nucleotide sequences of 343 papillomavirus isolates including representatives of all species and genera within the Papillomaviridae family were aligned as amino acid sequences using MUSCLE v7.221 (Edgar 2004). JModeltest2 (Darriba et al., 2012) was used to determine the optimal model of evolution (GTR + I + G) for the concatenated nucleotide sequences. Maximum likelihood (ML) trees were constructed using RAxML MPI v8.2.9 (Stamatakis 2006) implementing the GTR substitution model. ML bootstrap analysis used the autoMRE-based stopping criterion in RAxML. Following tree construction (tree available in the Resources section of the Papillomaviridae Report), the subtree corresponding to the genus Chipapillomavirus was isolated. Tips are labelled with virus names and accession numbers; nodes are labelled with bootstrap support values.

Member species

SpeciesVirus name(s)Exemplar isolateExemplar accession numberExemplar RefSeq numberAvailable sequenceOther isolatesOther isolate accession numbersVirus abbreviationIsolate abbreviation
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 3DQ295066NC_008297Complete genomeCPV3
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 5BirkenfeldFJ492743CPV5
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 9JF800656CPV9
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 11JF800658CPV11
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 12Deacon CJQ754321CPV12
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 18Boston 2015KT326919CPV18
Chipapillomavirus 1Canis familiaris papillomavirus 20AdaKT901797CPV20
Chipapillomavirus 2Canis familiaris papillomavirus 4pug2006EF584537NC_010226Complete genomeCPV4
Chipapillomavirus 2Canis familiaris papillomavirus 16ChanaKP099966CPV16
Chipapillomavirus 3Canis familiaris papillomavirus 8CharlotteHQ262536NC_016014Complete genomeCPV8
Chipapillomavirus 3Canis familiaris papillomavirus 10JF800657CPV10
Chipapillomavirus 3Canis familiaris papillomavirus 14JQ701802CPV14
Chipapillomavirus 3Canis familiaris papillomavirus 15Hercules2012JX899359CPV15

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.