Genus: Mupapillomavirus

Genus: Mupapillomavirus

Distinguishing features

Primate papillomaviruses associated with cutaneous lesions


See discussion under family description

Genome organization and replication

See discussion under family description.


See discussion under family description.

Species demarcation criteria

Putative novel papillomavirus genome with complete genome sequence data available and that is <70% related to papillomaviruses within the genus(Figure 1.Mupapillomavirus). 

Figure 1.Mupapillomavirus. Phylogenetic tree of members of the genus Mupapillomavirus. The E1, E2, L2, and L1 nucleotide sequences of 343 papillomavirus isolates including representatives of all species and genera within the Papillomaviridae family were aligned as amino acid sequences using MUSCLE v7.221 (Edgar 2004). JModeltest2 (Darriba et al., 2012) was used to determine the optimal model of evolution (GTR + I + G) for the concatenated nucleotide sequences. Maximum likelihood (ML) trees were constructed using RAxML MPI v8.2.9 (Stamatakis 2006) implementing the GTR substitution model. ML bootstrap analysis used the autoMRE-based stopping criterion in RAxML. Following tree construction (tree available in the Resources section of the Papillomaviridae Report), the subtree corresponding to the genus Mupapillomavirus was isolated. Tips are labelled with virus names and accession numbers; nodes are labelled with bootstrap support values.

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Mupapillomavirus 1human papillomavirus 1V01116NC_001356Complete genomeHPV1
Mupapillomavirus 2human papillomavirus 63X70828NC_001458Complete genomeHPV63
Mupapillomavirus 3human papillomavirus 204A342KP769769NC_038525Complete genomeHPV204

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.

Related, unclassified viruses 

Virus name

Accession number

Virus abbreviation

human papillomavirus md01c06



Virus names and virus abbreviations are not official ICTV designations.