Genus: Harbinvirus

Genus: Harbinvirus

Distinguishing features

The genus Harbinvirus has been misplaced in the subfamily Twortvirinae; the Taxonomic Proposal 2020.072B.N.V1.Herelleviridae has been submitted to the ICTV to change it to an orphan genus in the family. Members of this genus infect Lactobacillus plantarum. The type species is Lactobacillus virus Lpa804. The genome of the exemplar isolate of the type species is 142 kbp, with a total of 105 predicted gene coding sequences and 9 encoded tRNAs.


See discussion under family description.

Genome organisation and replication

See discussion under family description.


Members of the genus infect Lactobacillus plantarum.

Derivation of names

Harbinvirus: derived from the place of isolation of the type species exemplar isolate, Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang and the location of the Northeast Agricultural University. 

Species demarcation criteria

Members of the same species are more than 95% identical in genome nucleotide sequence, including the terminal repeat region. Phages with genomes that differ by more than 5%  are assigned to different species. 

Member species

Exemplar isolate of the species
SpeciesVirus nameIsolateAccession numberRefSeq numberAvailable sequenceVirus Abbrev.
Harbinvirus bacchaeLactobacillus phage BacchaeMG765277NC_047924Complete genome
Harbinvirus bromiusLactobacillus phage BromiusMH809531NC_048085Complete genome
Harbinvirus iacchusLactobacillus phage IacchusMH809529NC_048084Complete genome
Harbinvirus Lpa804Lactobacillus phage Lpa804MG557979NC_048134Complete genome
Harbinvirus semeleLactobacillus phage SemeleMG765279NC_047926Complete genome

Virus names, the choice of exemplar isolates, and virus abbreviations, are not official ICTV designations.